Partner study description
Indoor resting female mosquitoes were collected by pyrethrum spray catch from four hamlets around Njabakunda (13.55, -15.90), North Bank Region, The Gambia between August and October 2011. The four hamlets were Maria Samba Nyado, Sare Illo Buya, Kerr Birom Kardo, and Kerr Sama Kuma; all are within 1km of each other. This is an area of unusually high hybridization rates between An. gambiae s.s. and An. coluzzii (1, 2). Njabakunda village is approximately 30km to the west of Farafenni town and 4km away from the Gambia River. The vegetation is a mix of open savannah woodland and farmland. With apparent high gene-flow in the region, it is problematic to assign species to these samples.
For further details of this study see Nwakanma et al (2).
1. Beniamino Caputo, Davis Nwakanma, Musa Jawara, Majidah Adiamoh, Ibrahima Dia, Lassana Konate, Vincenzo Petrarca, David J Conway, and Alessandra della Torre. Anopheles gambiae complex along the gambia river, with particular reference to the molecular forms of an. gambiae s.s. Malaria J, 7:182, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-7-182
2. Davis C. Nwakanma, Daniel E. Neafsey, Musa Jawara, Majidah Adiamoh, Emily Lund, Amabelia Rodrigues, Kovana M. Loua, Lassana Konate, Ngayo Sy, Ibrahima Dia, T. Samson Awolola, Marc A. T. Muskavitch, and David J. Conway. Breakdown in the process of incipient speciation in anopheles gambiae. Genetics, 193:1221–1231, April 2013. https://doi.org/10.1534/genetics.112.148718
Davis C. Nwakanma Medical Research Council Unit, The Gambia at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (MRCG at LSHTM), Banjul, The Gambia.
Musa Jawara Medical Research Council Unit, The Gambia at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (MRCG at LSHTM), Banjul, The Gambia.
David Conway London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, Bloomsbury, London WC1E 7HT, UK.
Martin J. Donnelly (Martin.Donnelly [at] lstmed.ac.uk) Department of Vector Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Parasites and Microbes Programme, Wellcome Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, UK.