This document describes a methodology for supporting public health decision-makers with actionable information derived from genetic and genomic epidemiology analyses of malaria parasites. The methodology identifies important public health activities (“Programme Use Cases”) undertaken by national malaria control programmes (NMCPs), and maps them onto genetic epidemiology activities that can support them (“Genetic Epidemiology Use Cases”). We describe the technology options currently available, the key approaches used, the requirements for interfacing between the two sets of use cases, and the limitations and research gaps.
This work is largely a result of the experience of the GenRe-Mekong project, which has conducted genetic surveillance of malaria in several countries of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) since 2015. It is also the product of consultations with NMCPs, researchers and NGOs in GMS countries.
This conceptual methodology is intended help and inform researchers designing epidemiological studies and genetic surveillance; assessors of project proposals; and Control Programmes aiming to understand how technology contributes to their control and elimination activities. We hope that, by bringing together scientific analyses with public health activities, we will stimulate the growth of large-scale open repositories of cross-border epidemiological data, which will benefit future elimination efforts.